Nitnem Bania Uthanka

Nitnem Bania Uthanka (in English):

Amritvela Bani, 1st Bani of Amrit Sanchar

When: Circa 1539 AD
Where: Sri Kartarpur Sahib

Uthanka: Sant Ren Ji was the saint who Guru Nanak Dev Ji had served food to during his childhood which is famously known as the ‘Sacha Sauda’ Sakhi. Many years later when Guru Nanak Dev Ji had returned to Kartarpur Sahib, Sant Ren Ji came to visit Guru Sahib. At that time Bhai Lehna Ji (Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji) used to do seva of all the sangat who had come, by serving them Langar etc. Sant Ren Ji asked Bhai Lehna Ji, “in our tradition we have 3 main mantars, the mala mantar, mool mantar and gurmantar, have you been blessed with these?” Bhai Lehna Ji replied, “ I have received the Gurmantar – Waheguru and the Mool Mantar from Ik Oankar-Nanak Hosi Bhi Sach, but not the Mala Mantar yet.” So Bhai Lehna Ji went and asked about the Mala Mantar to Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Guru Nanak Dev Ji said that the Mala Mantar is the Jap Ji Sahib which was first recited directly in front of Akal Purakh in Sachkhand and secondly in conversation with the Sidhs. Guru Nanak Dev Ji arranged the numbering of the pauris of the Jap Ji Sahib at that time and recited it in its final form at Sri Kartarpur Sahib Gurdaspur. – translated from Gurbani Path Darshan, Page 213.

Amritvela Bani, 2nd Bani of Amrit Sanchar

When: Between 1685-1689 AD
Where: Sri Paunta Sahib

Uthanka 1 (Nitnem Steek Sant Avtar Singh Badhni Kala)

Once Guru Sahib was sitting on their Takhat when the Sikhs requested, “Guru Ji! In your previous forms as Satguru you composed Gurbani, which in your fifth form as Guru Arjan Dev Ji you compiled into the form of Sri Aadh Guru Granth Sahib which is the epitome of peace. Please bless us with Bani with bani in the same manner in your 10th form, which will destroy our cycles of birth and death and bless us with Jivan Mukti. Guru Sahib Ji recited Jaap Sahib as their first Bani.

Uthanka 2 (Jaap Sahib Teeka Sant Kartar Singh Ji Nirmala)

At the same time a Pandit named Kanshiram arrived in the darbar of Guru Sahib who was from Banaras. Kanshiram had heard much praise of Guru Sahib and set off with the thought in mind that if Dasam Patshah is the form of God then he will give me darshan in the form of the four-armed god (chaturbhuj). When Kanshiram arrived in the darbar he had darshan of Guru Sahib as Chaturbhuj, sitting on the takhat. The sangat of Kabal had offered flowers to Guru Sahib, Guru Sahib gave one of them to kanshiram. Kanshiram was totally enamored by Guru Sahib and requested ‘Guru Sahib recite Bani which will give peace to all forever to come’ Guru Sahib replied that now I will recite ‘Bir Rasi’ Bani which will inspire the Sikhs to take up arms and fight tyranny and they will have full knowledge of ‘Rajo Tamo and Sato’ (three states of maya/creation) through this bani (Sri Dasam Granth). At that time the first Bani that was composed was Jap Sahib, followed by Akal Ustat, which are connected with the praise of Akal Purakh, hence they are Satoguni. Bachitar Natak, Chandi Charitar, Chaubis Avtar can be seen as giving knowledge of tamo through War tales, creating warrior spirit (Bir Ras). Charitropakhyan gives knowledge of Rajo through the knowledge of the reality of the world and ruling/politics.

Amritvela Bani, 3rd Bani of Amrit Sanchar

When: Prior to 1699 Amrit Sanchar
Where: Sri Anandpur Sahib

Uthanka 1

During Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji’s visit to Assam, the King Raja Ram became Guru Ji’s disciple and requested for a son. Guru Ji at that time was holding a stamp when he stamped it onto the King’s thigh and said, “A son shall be born in your house with the insignia of this stamp on his head.”

Through the grace of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Raja Ram of Assam was blessed with a son, Rattan Rai. They were the devotees of Guru Ji and they trained their son with the Guru’s teaching, he had unshorn hair. After seven years Raja Ram died and the throne was passed on to his son, Ratan rai.

When Rattan Rai was twelve years old, while combing his hair in front of a mirror he noticed an insignia on his head. There was no hair around the area that had the insignia. Rattan rai got curious and asked his mother, she told him the whole incident.

Rattan Rai wanted to have the glimpse of Guru Tegh Bhadur Sahib Ji but later learned that Guru Ji has given his Shaheedi at Delhi. So upon inquiring from his mother he got to know about Guru Gobind Rai who is at the Guru Tegh Bhadur Ji’s throne.

In one day he, his mother and several ministers got ready and left for Anandpur. He brought with him an offering of five horses with golden trappings, a very small elephant (Prasadi Hathi), Panch Kala Shashter – a unique five-in-one weapon consisting of pistol, sword, lance, dagger and club, a wonderful throne on which puppets popped out to play chess, chandan di chowki and a goblet made out of precious metal which has the entire world’s geographical guide. Panch Kala Shashter is now in Baroda Museum. The Raja was accorded a great reception. He offered his presents and prayed to the Guru to grant him the Sikh faith.

He was granted all his desires. The Raja exhibited the traits of his presents. He caused the elephant to wipe Guru’s shoes and placed them in order for him. At the word of command the animal took a whisk (chaur) and waved it over the Guru. The Raja requested the Guru never to let the elephant out of his possession. The prince and his party remained at Anandpur for five months and during this time; he enjoyed kirtan and felt uplifted by the Guru’s sermons. At the time of departure, the Raja requested Guru Ji to bless him with ascetic sermons in order for him live his life above the desires of Maya. Guru Ji composed the following Gurbani, which starts from the 21st to 30th Pauri of Akal Ustat in Dasam Granth.

Uthanka 2

Sakhi of Hill Rajas (full sakhi in Nitnem Steek Giani Avtar Singh Badhni Kala) refused to help Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji fight against the tyranny of the Mughals, Guru Sahib Ji recited the Swaiyeh to break their ego and attachment to their thrones and wealth. This bani is also known as ‘Sudha Swayieh’ as it is recited during the making of Khande da Amrit, ‘Sudha’ means Nectar.

Amritvela Bani, 4th Bani of Amrit Sanchar

When: 1696 AD 
Where: Bibhor Sahib, Una, Himachal Pradesh

Guru Gobind Singh Ji uttered Benti Chaupai Sahib while residing in a village known as Bibour, Una on the Satluj river bank. Guru Ji spent some time in that village on the King’s request and now there is a Gurdwara Chaupai Sahib to mark this historical event. Benti Chaupai is written in Sri Dasam Granth on Ang 1386 at the end of Charitro Pakhyan. Recited in 1753 Bikrami (1696 AD).

Amritvela Bani, 5th Bani of Amrit Sanchar

When: Between 1552-1574 AD
Where: Sri Goindval Sahib

There is a great story about how the Anand Sahib, by Guru Amar Das Ji, came to be written. It is said that, during Guru Amar Das ji’s time, there was a very old yogi who had spent years and years in isolation and deep meditation. But as the yogi was coming to the end of his life, he realised that he was missing something. He had obtained many mystical and spiritual powers but had not experienced any ‘Anand’ (true bliss).

The yogi decided to visit Guru Amar Das Ji and see if Guru Sahib could solve his dilemma.In audience with Guru Amar Das Ji, and after paying respects, the yogi described his frustration with his practice and then asked very simply, “Oh kind and wise Guru, can you bless me with the experience of true bliss?” Guru Amar Das Ji nodded. “Leave this body,” he told the yogi. “And be reborn in my family. Then come to me and I will teach you how to live in Anand.”

The yogi took his leave of the Guru. Soon after, in obedience to the Guru’s command, the yogi sat in meditation and left his body. In due time, Guru Amar Das Ji’s son Baba Mohri Ji was blessed with a child. When Guru Amar Das Ji heard of the birth of the child, they knew that the yogi’s soul had been reborn.

Immediately, they called for the child to be brought to them even though the traditional time of sequestering the infant with the mother had not yet passed. When the new born child was placed in Guru sahib’s lap, Guru sahib did bachans “Aa gaye anand ji, anand lain vaaste” (Anand Ji has come to receive Anand (bliss).” Guru sahib started uttering “Anand sahib” Paath and named the child as “Anand”. According to Sampardai Mahapurkh and Gianis, the first 38 Pauris were recited by Guru Amardas Ji, the 39th by Guru Ramdas Ji and the 40th by Guru Arjan Dev Ji explaining the benefits of reading Anand Sahib.

Once Sri Guru HarGobind Sahib ji called Baba Anand Ji in a paalki (palanquin) saying that we have not done any service of Guru Amardas Ji’s generation. While baba Anand Ji was coming in the paalki (covered from all sides), Guru sahib came and took one of the paalki sahara on his shoulders and asked others not to say anything. But Baba Anand Ji was Brahamgyani, so he came to know about this and jumped out of the paalki and threw himself to Guru sahib’s charan in humility.

Evening Bani

Recited at various places and times, formalised by Guru Gobind Singh Ji

Full Sakhi can be read in Gurbani Path Darshan about Guru Angad Dev Ji and the Sun Samadhis and also how Rehras Sahib was changed and shortened over the passage of time. Sodar comes in Gurbani three times, the 2nd (rehras sahib) was recited in Sachkhand infront of Akal Purakh, and the kirtan of it happens in Sachkhand. The Sun smadhis refused to recite Sodar, hence they are sent out of Sachkhand at the time of Rehras Sahib. This Sakhi comes in Nanak Parkash where Guru Angad Dev Ji asked Guru Nanak Sahib Ji to show him the Sun Samadhis – the Sun Samadhis themselves told this to Guru Angad Dev Ji. Later on Bani was added to Sodar by Guru Arjan Dev Ji of the previous Guru Sahibs, which was added into Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji after Jap Ji Sahib. Bhai Mani Singh Ji on the order of Guru Gobind Singh Ji added Sri Chaupai Sahib and other Doharas and Swaiyas from Ramavtar and Krishnavtar, and finalised the Rehras Sahib.

Night time Bani (Before Sleep)

(Salok: Jeh Sadhu Gobidh Bhajan Kirtan Nanak Neeth ||)

Guru Arjan Dev Ji uttered the greatness of Vaheguru’s Name through an incident which took place during Ajamal’s death. Ajamal was breathing his last breaths and the angels of death came to seize him based on his committed sins during lifetime. All of a sudden when Ajamal recited Vaheguru’s name he was rescued. The jamdoot were very upset and they put down their weapons before the Righteous King (Dharamraj) and narrated the incident. After listening the Righteous King (Dharamraj) warned the jamdoot. Wherever one chants Vaheguru’s name with focused mind and wherever there are gatherings where Vaheguru’s praises is sung continuously,
The Righteous Judge says, “Don’t ever go even near to that place, O Angel of Death, otherwise neither you nor I will be spared!” which means that the Jamdoot are not allowed to even go close to the place where Vaheguru’s Name or Guru’s Shabad (Gurbani) is being recited.

Night time Bani (Before Sleep)

Once at Kartarpur during the afternoon Guru Nanak Dev ji was resting while Bhai Lehna Ji (Guru Angad Dev Ji) was massaging Guru Ji’s charan, suddenly Bhai Lehna ji saw blood from new scratches appearing while Guru ji was still on the bed. Upon asking, Guruji said that a Sheppard is walking along with his sheeps within thorn bushes while reciting the Sohila Sahib with full concentration. Whatever thorns pierced him are all piercing Guru Ji aswell as Guru Ji protects the person who reads Sohila Sahib. Therefore Guru Ji instructed Sikhs to read Sohila Sahib just before going to sleep. During Guru Arjun Dev Ji’s time a Businessman Sikh requested for his protection from thieves during his business trips, Guru Ji added another hymn of Guru Ram Das Ji and one of his own and told the Sikh to read it before going to sleep every night, and he would never face any harm.

Nitnem Bania Uthanka (in English):

Amritvela Bani, 1st Bani of Amrit Sanchar

When: Circa 1539 AD
Where: Sri Kartarpur Sahib

Uthanka: Sant Ren Ji was the saint who Guru Nanak Dev Ji had served food to during his childhood which is famously known as the ‘Sacha Sauda’ Sakhi. Many years later when Guru Nanak Dev Ji had returned to Kartarpur Sahib, Sant Ren Ji came to visit Guru Sahib. At that time Bhai Lehna Ji (Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji) used to do seva of all the sangat who had come, by serving them Langar etc. Sant Ren Ji asked Bhai Lehna Ji, “in our tradition we have 3 main mantars, the mala mantar, mool mantar and gurmantar, have you been blessed with these?” Bhai Lehna Ji replied, “ I have received the Gurmantar – Waheguru and the Mool Mantar from Ik Oankar-Nanak Hosi Bhi Sach, but not the Mala Mantar yet.” So Bhai Lehna Ji went and asked about the Mala Mantar to Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Guru Nanak Dev Ji said that the Mala Mantar is the Jap Ji Sahib which was first recited directly in front of Akal Purakh in Sachkhand and secondly in conversation with the Sidhs. Guru Nanak Dev Ji arranged the numbering of the pauris of the Jap Ji Sahib at that time and recited it in its final form at Sri Kartarpur Sahib Gurdaspur. – translated from Gurbani Path Darshan, Page 213.

Amritvela Bani, 2nd Bani of Amrit Sanchar

When: Between 1685-1689 AD
Where: Sri Paunta Sahib

Uthanka 1 (Nitnem Steek Sant Avtar Singh Badhni Kala)

Once Guru Sahib was sitting on their Takhat when the Sikhs requested, “Guru Ji! In your previous forms as Satguru you composed Gurbani, which in your fifth form as Guru Arjan Dev Ji you compiled into the form of Sri Aadh Guru Granth Sahib which is the epitome of peace. Please bless us with Bani with bani in the same manner in your 10th form, which will destroy our cycles of birth and death and bless us with Jivan Mukti. Guru Sahib Ji recited Jaap Sahib as their first Bani.

Uthanka 2 (Jaap Sahib Teeka Sant Kartar Singh Ji Nirmala)

At the same time a Pandit named Kanshiram arrived in the darbar of Guru Sahib who was from Banaras. Kanshiram had heard much praise of Guru Sahib and set off with the thought in mind that if Dasam Patshah is the form of God then he will give me darshan in the form of the four-armed god (chaturbhuj). When Kanshiram arrived in the darbar he had darshan of Guru Sahib as Chaturbhuj, sitting on the takhat. The sangat of Kabal had offered flowers to Guru Sahib, Guru Sahib gave one of them to kanshiram. Kanshiram was totally enamored by Guru Sahib and requested ‘Guru Sahib recite Bani which will give peace to all forever to come’ Guru Sahib replied that now I will recite ‘Bir Rasi’ Bani which will inspire the Sikhs to take up arms and fight tyranny and they will have full knowledge of ‘Rajo Tamo and Sato’ (three states of maya/creation) through this bani (Sri Dasam Granth). At that time the first Bani that was composed was Jap Sahib, followed by Akal Ustat, which are connected with the praise of Akal Purakh, hence they are Satoguni. Bachitar Natak, Chandi Charitar, Chaubis Avtar can be seen as giving knowledge of tamo through War tales, creating warrior spirit (Bir Ras). Charitropakhyan gives knowledge of Rajo through the knowledge of the reality of the world and ruling/politics.

Amritvela Bani, 3rd Bani of Amrit Sanchar

When: Prior to 1699 Amrit Sanchar
Where: Sri Anandpur Sahib

Uthanka 1

During Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji’s visit to Assam, the King Raja Ram became Guru Ji’s disciple and requested for a son. Guru Ji at that time was holding a stamp when he stamped it onto the King’s thigh and said, “A son shall be born in your house with the insignia of this stamp on his head.”

Through the grace of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Raja Ram of Assam was blessed with a son, Rattan Rai. They were the devotees of Guru Ji and they trained their son with the Guru’s teaching, he had unshorn hair. After seven years Raja Ram died and the throne was passed on to his son, Ratan rai.

When Rattan Rai was twelve years old, while combing his hair in front of a mirror he noticed an insignia on his head. There was no hair around the area that had the insignia. Rattan rai got curious and asked his mother, she told him the whole incident.

Rattan Rai wanted to have the glimpse of Guru Tegh Bhadur Sahib Ji but later learned that Guru Ji has given his Shaheedi at Delhi. So upon inquiring from his mother he got to know about Guru Gobind Rai who is at the Guru Tegh Bhadur Ji’s throne.

In one day he, his mother and several ministers got ready and left for Anandpur. He brought with him an offering of five horses with golden trappings, a very small elephant (Prasadi Hathi), Panch Kala Shashter – a unique five-in-one weapon consisting of pistol, sword, lance, dagger and club, a wonderful throne on which puppets popped out to play chess, chandan di chowki and a goblet made out of precious metal which has the entire world’s geographical guide. Panch Kala Shashter is now in Baroda Museum. The Raja was accorded a great reception. He offered his presents and prayed to the Guru to grant him the Sikh faith.

He was granted all his desires. The Raja exhibited the traits of his presents. He caused the elephant to wipe Guru’s shoes and placed them in order for him. At the word of command the animal took a whisk (chaur) and waved it over the Guru. The Raja requested the Guru never to let the elephant out of his possession. The prince and his party remained at Anandpur for five months and during this time; he enjoyed kirtan and felt uplifted by the Guru’s sermons. At the time of departure, the Raja requested Guru Ji to bless him with ascetic sermons in order for him live his life above the desires of Maya. Guru Ji composed the following Gurbani, which starts from the 21st to 30th Pauri of Akal Ustat in Dasam Granth.

Uthanka 2

Sakhi of Hill Rajas (full sakhi in Nitnem Steek Giani Avtar Singh Badhni Kala) refused to help Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji fight against the tyranny of the Mughals, Guru Sahib Ji recited the Swaiyeh to break their ego and attachment to their thrones and wealth. This bani is also known as ‘Sudha Swayieh’ as it is recited during the making of Khande da Amrit, ‘Sudha’ means Nectar.

Amritvela Bani, 4th Bani of Amrit Sanchar

When: Bibhor Sahib, Una, Himachal Pradesh
Where: 1696 AD

Guru Gobind Singh Ji uttered Benti Chaupai Sahib while residing in a village known as Bibour, Una on the Satluj river bank. Guru Ji spent some time in that village on the King’s request and now there is a Gurdwara Chaupai Sahib to mark this historical event. Benti Chaupai is written in Sri Dasam Granth on Ang 1386 at the end of Charitro Pakhyan. Recited in 1753 Bikrami.

Amritvela Bani, 5th Bani of Amrit Sanchar

When: Between 1552-1574 AD
Where: Sri Goindval Sahib

There is a great story about how the Anand Sahib, by Guru Amar Das ji, came to be written. It is said that, during Guru Amar Das ji’s time, there was a very old yogi who had spent years and years in isolation and deep meditation. But as the yogi was coming to the end of his life, he realized that he was missing something. He had obtained many mystical and spiritual powers but had not experienced any ‘Anand’ (true bliss).

The yogi decided to visit Guru Amar Das ji and see if Guru Sahib could solve his dilemma.In audience with Guru Amar Das ji, and after paying respects, the yogi described his frustration with his practice and then asked very simply, “Oh kind and wise Guru, can you bless me with the experience of true bliss?” Guru Amar Das Ji nodded. “Leave this body,” he told the yogi. “And be reborn in my family. Then come to me and I will teach you how to live in Anand.”

The yogi took his leave of the Guru. Soon after, in obedience to the Guru’s command, the yogi sat in meditation and left his body. In due time, Guru Amar Das ji’s son Baba Mohri gave birth to a son. When Guru Amar Das Ji heard of the birth of the child, he knew that the yogi’s soul had been reborn.

Immediately, he called for the child to be brought to him even though the traditional time of sequestering the infant with the mother had not yet passed. When the new born child was placed in Guru sahib’s lap, Guru sahib did bachans “aa gaye anand ji, anand lain vaste” (Anand Ji has come to receive Anand (bliss).” Guru sahib started uttering “Anand sahib” path and named the child as “Anand”. According to Sampardai Mahapurkh and Gianis, the first 38 Pauris were recited by Guru Amardas Ji, the 39th by Guru Ramdas Ji and the 40th by Guru Arjan Dev Ji explaining the benefits of reading Anand Sahib.

Once Sri Guru HarGobind Sahib ji called Baba Anand ji in a paalki (palanquin) saying that we have not done any service of Guru Amardas ji’s generation. While baba Anand ji was coming in the paalki (covered from all sides), Guru sahib came and took one of the paalki sahara on his shoulders and asked others not to say anything. But baba Anand ji was brahamgyani, so he came to know about this and jumped out of the paalki and threw himself to Guru sahib’s charan in humility.

Evening Bani

Recited at various places and times, formalised by Guru Gobind Singh Ji

Full Sakhi in Gurbani Path Darshan about Sun Samadhis and also how Rehras Sahib was changed and shortened over the passage of time. Sodar comes in Gurbani three times, the 2nd (rehras sahib) was recited in Sachkhand infront of Akal Purakh, and the kirtan of it happens in Sachkhand. The Sun smadhis refused to recite Sodar, hence they are sent out of Sachkhand at the time of Rehras Sahib. This sakhi comes in Nanak Parkash where Guru Angad Dev Ji asked Guru Nanak Sahib Ji to show him the Sun Samadhis – the Sun Samadhis themselves told this to Guru Angad Dev Ji. Later on Bani was added to Sodar by Guru Arjan Dev Ji of the previous Guru Sahibs, which was added into Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji after Jap Ji Sahib. Bhai Mani Singh Ji on the order of Guru Gobind Singh Ji added Sri Chaupai Sahib and other Doharas and Swaiyas from Ramavtar and Krishnavtar, and finalised the Rehras Sahib.

Night time Bani (Before Sleep)

(Salok: jeh sadhu gobidh bhajan kirtan Nanak Neeth ||)

Guru Arjan Dev Ji utters the greatness of Vaheguru’s Name through an incident which took place during Ajamal’s death. Ajamal was breathing his last breaths and the angels of death came to seize him based on his committed sins during lifetime. All of a sudden when Ajamal recited Vaheguru’s name he was rescued. The jamdoot were very upset and they put down their weapons before the Righteous King (Dharamraj) and narrated the incident. After listening the Righteous King (Dharamraj) warned the jamdoot. Wherever one chants Vaheguru’s name with focused mind and wherever there are gatherings where Vaheguru’s praises is sung continuously,
The Righteous Judge says, “Don’t ever go even near to that place, O Angel of Death, otherwise neither you nor I will be spared!” which means that the Jamdoot are not allowed to even go close to the place where Vaheguru’s Name or Guru’s Shabad (Gurbani) is being recited.

Night time Bani (Before Sleep)

Once at Kartarpur during the afternoon Guru Nanak Dev ji was resting while Bhai Lehna Ji (Guru Angad Dev Ji) was massaging Guruji’s charan, suddenly Bhai Lehna ji saw blood from new scratches appearing while Guru ji was still on the bed. Upon asking, Guruji said that a Sheppard is walking along with his sheeps within thorn bushes while reciting the Sohila Sahib in full concentration. Whatever thorns pierced him are all piercing Guruji aswell as Guruji protects the person who reads Sohila Sahib. Therefore Guruji instructed Sikhs to read Sohila Sahib just before going to sleep. During Guru Arjun Dev ji’s time a Businessman Sikh requested for his protection during his business trips, Guruji added another hymn of Guru Ram Das Ji and one of his own and told the Sikh to read it before going to sleep every night.

Sundar Gutka / Panj Granthi Banis:

There was a king by the name of Sarang He had three sons. The eldest son’s name was Asraaj, the second son was Khan and the third was Sultan. During the early childhood of Asraaj, the King called various astrologers to advise him on how his eldest son (Asraaj) could be a great warrior and a leader. The astrologers advised that the Prince should be isolated in a ground pit for 12 years. So the King made a large ground pit, which included all the facilities for the Prince. After completing 12 years, Asraaj was released from the isolation. After meeting his father, he was asked to meet his mothers. He met his mother as well his step-mothers. While meeting his youngest step-mother, she was astonished with Asraaj’s looks and persuaded him to marry her. Asraaj being a very obedient son, declined the proposal although she threatened him that she will get him killed. The young queen persuaded the King by her tricky conspiracy to punish Asraaj. She blamed him of raping her.

Without investigating, the King ordered his minister to hang Asraaj out of his kingdom and bring along any part of his limb as a proof of the execution. The minister felt very sorry for Asraaj since he was innocent. In order to prove the execution, he chopped Asraaj’s hand and threw him into a shallow watered well, instead of killing him. Two days later, a group of traders who were passing by stopped at the well and found him. They quickly took him out and treated him. They took him along and sold him to a washer man (DobI) who raised him like his own son. Asraaj used to help him in washing and delivering the clothes.

One day, the King of the country where Asraaj lived died. The king had no successors to his throne and the ministers decided that the first person that opens the gates by touching them during dawn should be made the king. Coincidently, Asraaj came in the morning to deliver the washed cloths to the palace. When his chopped hand touched the door, it opened by itself.

Observing this miracle, he was announced to be the new king. King Asraaj ruled the country very fairly and all the people were very happy with his generosity. After a few years, drought hit many neighboring countries, which included his father’s kingdom. He distributed grains openhandedly to all the neighboring countries. When his popularity spread everywhere his father (King Sarang) urged his ministers to take him to King Asraaj, not knowing that King Asraaj is his own son. King Asraaj greeted his father with royal salutation and the true identity of King Asraaj was revealed to King Sarang.

King Sarang was very happy and decided to crown Asraaj as the King of his own kingdom. Knowing this, the other two brothers Khan and Sultan, rebelled against King Asraaj. They waged a war to takeover the kingdom form their elder brother. Protecting the sovereignty of his kingdom, King Asraaj fought the war very intelligently and bravely. He won the war and his bravery became an example before the world. Therefore, his poem was very popular.

The dhadhis who came to Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji’s court at Sri Akal Takhat sang the same poem, which reads as follows;

ਭਭਕਿਓ ਸ਼ੇਰ ਸਰਦੂਲ ਰਾਇ ਰਣ ਮਾਰੂ ਬੱਜੇ|| ਖਾਨ ਸੁਲਤਾਨ ਬਡ ਸੂਰਮੇ ਵਿਚ ਰਣ ਦੇ ਗੱਜੇ|| ਖਤ ਲਿਖੇ ਟੁੰਡੇ ਅਸਰਾਜ ਨੂੰ ਪਤਸ਼ਾਹੀ ਅੱਜੇ|| ਟਿੱਕਾ ਸਾਰੰਗ ਬਾਪ ਨੇ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਭਰ ਲੱਜੇ|| ਫਤੇ ਪਾਇ ਅਸਰਾਇ ਜੀ ਸ਼ਾਹੀ ਘਰ ਸੱਜੇ||

According to Sampardai mahapurkh and Giani Singhs, the Dhunnis in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji were added by Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

Where: Sri Ramsar Sahib, Amritsar

One day Baba Buddha Ji and Bhai Gurdass Ji came to Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s Hazuri, , and with folded hands requested very humbly ‘Satguru Ji, we are representing your Sikhs who have requested for Gurbani upon reading which one can attain salvation easily and one’s daily breaths can be fruitful.’ Guru ji accepted the request and composed Sri Sukhmani Sahib (the Jewel of Happiness) at the bank of Ramsar Sarovar. After completing Sri Sukhmani Sahib, Guru ji said, ‘whoever reads this Bani, shall not only be liberated but will also make his/her daily average breaths, which computes to 24,000, fruitful.’

Sri Sukhmani Sahib has a total of 21,624 letters plus vowels, 2,373 foot letters and 3 extra letters which all totals to 24,000 and it equals to the average human breaths.

Where: Oankaar Temple, Deccan

Uthanka: When Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji was on their Udaasi (travels) in the South of India (Deccan) they came across a Temple on the Narbada riverbank dedicated to Shiva, named ‘Oankaar’. When Guru Ji was passing this Temple there was a Brahmin sitting inside teaching young children the Sanskrit alphabet. Guru Ji said to him, “O Brahmin, you are teaching these letters but do you know the meaning behind these?” The Brahmin replied, “I don’t know the meanings of the letters, I am just teaching them to the children so they can get educated and find employment as Brahmins.” Hearing this Guru Nanak Dev Ji told the Brahmin and the whole congregation there the deep spiritual and intrinsic meanings of each of the letters.

(Source: Katha of Sant Giani Gurbachan Singh Ji Bhindranwale)

Where: Sumer Mountain and then Kartarpur Sahib.

Uthanka: When Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji returned to Kartarpur Sahib after their 4 Udaasis, Baba Budha Ji and Bhai Lehna Ji asked Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, “Guru Sahib Ji! You have had many meetings with the Sidhs at Sumer Parbat and Achal Batala, please tell us about these!” At that time Guru Nanak Dev Ji said, “When we climbed the Sumer Parbat (mountain) there were many Sidhs sitting there, and seeing us they started to ask many questions.

Those questions which they asked, and the answers which we gave we complied into the ‘Sidh Gost’ Baani.” Hearing this both Baba Budha Ji and Bhai Lehna Ji asked Guru Ji to recite this Baani to them. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji recited the spiritual question and answer with the Sidhs to both Baba Budha Ji and Bhai Lehna Ji in Raag Raamkali.

(Source: Katha of Sant Giani Gurbachan Singh Ji Bhindranwale)

Where: Sri Amritsar Sahib
When: Around 1590 AD (1647 Bikrami)

Uthanka: This Baani was firstly recited when a Pandit from Kaanshi came to Sri Amritsar Sahib to meet Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji. He requested Guru Sahib to bless him with the spiritual meanings of the 52 letters of the Sanskrit alphabet. Upon his request Guru Ji recited this Baani and elated the Pandit with Brahamgiaan.

The second time this Baani was recited around 1647 Bikrami when Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji created the Sri Taran Taaran Sahib Sarovar. Thousands of sangat from all around India came to have darshan. At that time Mata Ganga Ji (Mehal of Guru Sahib) asked permission from Maharaj to also do darshan and ishnan in the sarovar. On the day that Mata Ji went to Sri Taran Taaran Sahib, many other women hailing from wealthy families were also going to have darshan.

They were all dressed in expensive clothing and were wearing gold ornaments/ expensive jewelry. However Mata Ganga Ji was only dressed in very simple clothing and was wearing no jewelry. Seeing this the wealthy women asked Mata Ji, “Mata Ji you are respected by the whole Sikh congregation as Guru Ji’s wife, yet you wear such simple clothing?” Mata Ji didn’t say anything and after ishnan came back to Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji.

Mata Ji folded her hands and said to Guru Sahib, “Guru Ji! When I was walking to Taran Taaran Sahib the wealthy women asked me why I don’t wear any jewelry or expensive clothes.” Guru Ji said, “What type of jewelry would you like? The type that thieves can rob, or the type that will be beneficial to you in the next world?” At that time Mata Ji said, “Guru Ji! Bless me with that jewelry which will save my honor in the next world.” At that time Guru Arjan Dev Ji composed the Baani ‘Baavan Akhri’ and told Mata Ji to memorize this Baani.

Guru Ji said each Salok and Pauri in this Baani are like jewels placed on a thread. When Mata Ji asked Guru Sahib, “Guru Ji! Jewels are always placed in a box, what box will I place this Baani in?” At that time Guru Ji said, the Salok that is the beginning and at the end of this Baani are like the box, (Gurdev Mata Gurdev Pita).

Guru Ji said that it was imperative that the salok should be read both at the beginning and the end of the Baani. To make sure that Gursikhs don’t miss reading the saloks Guru Sahib Ji wrote ‘Ehu Salok Aadi Anth Parrna’ (read this Salok at the beginning and the end) at the end of the Baani.

(Source: Katha of Sant Giani Gurbachan Singh Ji Bhindranwale)

Sundar Gutka / Panj Granthi Banis:

There was a king by the name of Sarang He had three sons. The eldest son’s name was Asraaj, the second son was Khan and the third was Sultan. During the early childhood of Asraaj, the King called various astrologers to advise him on how his eldest son (Asraaj) could be a great warrior and a leader. The astrologers advised that the Prince should be isolated in a ground pit for 12 years. So the King made a large ground pit, which included all the facilities for the Prince. After completing 12 years, Asraaj was released from the isolation. After meeting his father, he was asked to meet his mothers. He met his mother as well his step-mothers. While meeting his youngest step-mother, she was astonished with Asraaj’s looks and persuaded him to marry her. Asraaj being a very obedient son, declined the proposal although she threatened him that she will get him killed. The young queen persuaded the King by her tricky conspiracy to punish Asraaj. She blamed him of raping her.

Without investigating, the King ordered his minister to hang Asraaj out of his kingdom and bring along any part of his limb as a proof of the execution. The minister felt very sorry for Asraaj since he was innocent. In order to prove the execution, he chopped Asraaj’s hand and threw him into a shallow watered well, instead of killing him. Two days later, a group of traders who were passing by stopped at the well and found him. They quickly took him out and treated him. They took him along and sold him to a washer man (DobI) who raised him like his own son. Asraaj used to help him in washing and delivering the clothes.

One day, the King of the country where Asraaj lived died. The king had no successors to his throne and the ministers decided that the first person that opens the gates by touching them during dawn should be made the king. Coincidently, Asraaj came in the morning to deliver the washed cloths to the palace. When his chopped hand touched the door, it opened by itself.

Observing this miracle, he was announced to be the new king. King Asraaj ruled the country very fairly and all the people were very happy with his generosity. After a few years, drought hit many neighboring countries, which included his father’s kingdom. He distributed grains openhandedly to all the neighboring countries. When his popularity spread everywhere his father (King Sarang) urged his ministers to take him to King Asraaj, not knowing that King Asraaj is his own son. King Asraaj greeted his father with royal salutation and the true identity of King Asraaj was revealed to King Sarang.

King Sarang was very happy and decided to crown Asraaj as the King of his own kingdom. Knowing this, the other two brothers Khan and Sultan, rebelled against King Asraaj. They waged a war to takeover the kingdom form their elder brother. Protecting the sovereignty of his kingdom, King Asraaj fought the war very intelligently and bravely. He won the war and his bravery became an example before the world. Therefore, his poem was very popular.

The dhadhis who came to Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji’s court at Sri Akal Takhat sang the same poem, which reads as follows;

ERROR TEXT BBikE Syr srdUl rwie rx mwrU b`jy[Kwn sulqwn bf sUrmy ivc rx dy g`jy[Kq ilKy tuMfy Asrwj ƒ pqSwhI A`jy[ it`kw swrMg bwp ny id`qw Br l`jy[Pqy pwie Asrwie jI SwhI Gr s`jy[

According to Sampardai mahapurkh and Giani Singhs, the Dhunnis in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji were added by Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

Where: Sri Ramsar Sahib, Amritsar

One day Baba Buddha Ji and Bhai Gurdass Ji came to Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s Hazuri, , and with folded hands requested very humbly ‘Satguru Ji, we are representing your Sikhs who have requested for Gurbani upon reading which one can attain salvation easily and one’s daily breaths can be fruitful.’ Guru ji accepted the request and composed Sri Sukhmani Sahib (the Jewel of Happiness) at the bank of Ramsar Sarovar. After completing Sri Sukhmani Sahib, Guru ji said, ‘whoever reads this Bani, shall not only be liberated but will also make his/her daily average breaths, which computes to 24,000, fruitful.’

Sri Sukhmani Sahib has a total of 21,624 letters plus vowels, 2,373 foot letters and 3 extra letters which all totals to 24,000 and it equals to the average human breaths.

Where: Oankaar Temple, Deccan

Uthanka: When Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji was on their Udaasi (travels) in the South of India (Deccan) they came across a Temple on the Narbada riverbank dedicated to Shiva, named ‘Oankaar’. When Guru Ji was passing this Temple there was a Brahmin sitting inside teaching young children the Sanskrit alphabet. Guru Ji said to him, “O Brahmin, you are teaching these letters but do you know the meaning behind these?” The Brahmin replied, “I don’t know the meanings of the letters, I am just teaching them to the children so they can get educated and find employment as Brahmins.” Hearing this Guru Nanak Dev Ji told the Brahmin and the whole congregation there the deep spiritual and intrinsic meanings of each of the letters.

(Source: Katha of Sant Giani Gurbachan Singh Ji Bhindranwale)

Where: Sumer Mountain and then Kartarpur Sahib.

Uthanka: When Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji returned to Kartarpur Sahib after their 4 Udaasis, Baba Budha Ji and Bhai Lehna Ji asked Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, “Guru Sahib Ji! You have had many meetings with the Sidhs at Sumer Parbat and Achal Batala, please tell us about these!” At that time Guru Nanak Dev Ji said, “When we climbed the Sumer Parbat (mountain) there were many Sidhs sitting there, and seeing us they started to ask many questions.

Those questions which they asked, and the answers which we gave we complied into the ‘Sidh Gost’ Baani.” Hearing this both Baba Budha Ji and Bhai Lehna Ji asked Guru Ji to recite this Baani to them. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji recited the spiritual question and answer with the Sidhs to both Baba Budha Ji and Bhai Lehna Ji in Raag Raamkali.

(Source: Katha of Sant Giani Gurbachan Singh Ji Bhindranwale)

Where: Sri Amritsar Sahib
When: Around 1590 AD (1647 Bikrami)

Uthanka: This Baani was firstly recited when a Pandit from Kaanshi came to Sri Amritsar Sahib to meet Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji. He requested Guru Sahib to bless him with the spiritual meanings of the 52 letters of the Sanskrit alphabet. Upon his request Guru Ji recited this Baani and elated the Pandit with Brahamgiaan.

The second time this Baani was recited around 1647 Bikrami when Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji created the Sri Taran Taaran Sahib Sarovar. Thousands of sangat from all around India came to have darshan. At that time Mata Ganga Ji (Mehal of Guru Sahib) asked permission from Maharaj to also do darshan and ishnan in the sarovar. On the day that Mata Ji went to Sri Taran Taaran Sahib, many other women hailing from wealthy families were also going to have darshan.

They were all dressed in expensive clothing and were wearing gold ornaments/ expensive jewelry. However Mata Ganga Ji was only dressed in very simple clothing and was wearing no jewelry. Seeing this the wealthy women asked Mata Ji, “Mata Ji you are respected by the whole Sikh congregation as Guru Ji’s wife, yet you wear such simple clothing?” Mata Ji didn’t say anything and after ishnan came back to Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji.

Mata Ji folded her hands and said to Guru Sahib, “Guru Ji! When I was walking to Taran Taaran Sahib the wealthy women asked me why I don’t wear any jewelry or expensive clothes.” Guru Ji said, “What type of jewelry would you like? The type that thieves can rob, or the type that will be beneficial to you in the next world?” At that time Mata Ji said, “Guru Ji! Bless me with that jewelry which will save my honor in the next world.” At that time Guru Arjan Dev Ji composed the Baani ‘Baavan Akhri’ and told Mata Ji to memorize this Baani.

Guru Ji said each Salok and Pauri in this Baani are like jewels placed on a thread. When Mata Ji asked Guru Sahib, “Guru Ji! Jewels are always placed in a box, what box will I place this Baani in?” At that time Guru Ji said, the Salok that is the beginning and at the end of this Baani are like the box, (Gurdev Mata Gurdev Pita).

Guru Ji said that it was imperative that the salok should be read both at the beginning and the end of the Baani. To make sure that Gursikhs don’t miss reading the saloks Guru Sahib Ji wrote ‘Ehu Salok Aadi Anth Parrna’ (read this Salok at the beginning and the end) at the end of the Baani.

(Source: Katha of Sant Giani Gurbachan Singh Ji Bhindranwale)